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What are the Various Types of Spinal Muscular Atrophy
26 Mar 2019

What are the Various Types of Spinal Muscular Atrophy?

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Spinal Muscular Atrophy or SMA generally happens to children. It literally makes their muscle movement difficult. Spinal muscular atrophy breaks down the nerve cells in the spinal cord and brain. This prevents the brain from sending messages which control muscle movement.

If spinal muscular atrophy happens to your child, his or her muscles will become shrink and weak. Therefore, the movement of the head or walking steadily or even sitting at a place without someone’s help will become a difficult task. He will also have a very difficult time in swallowing food and breathing as spinal muscular atrophy keeps on progressing in your child’s body.

Spinal muscular atrophy has different types and the seriousness of this disease will depend on what type of spinal muscular atrophy your child has. Unfortunately, there is no cure for this disease. However, stem cell therapy for spinal muscular atrophy is a highly effective treatment method which can fight this disease and help your child to live a happy and long life.

You should also be aware of that different spinal muscular atrophy patients face different experiences. One good news for you would be, no matter how much the movement of your child’s muscles gets limited, he or she will still be able to think, make decisions, and have friends. The diseases will not affect the intelligence of the child in any way.

Causes of Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Spinal muscular atrophy is a genetic disease which gets spread through generation in a family. If your child has spinal muscular atrophy then you should know he or she has two copies of a gene (one from both the parents) which bears spinal muscular atrophy.

Because of the spinal muscular atrophy, your child’s body fails to prepare a certain type of protein. Due to the unavailability of that protein, the cells which control the muscles start to die. If your child has only a single spinal muscular atrophy carrying gene then he or she will not have spinal muscular atrophy however, he or she will become the carrier of spinal muscular atrophy which could be passed to his or her child.

Symptoms of Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Type 1: Type1 spinal muscular atrophy is perhaps the most severe one. He or she will not be able to sit without help or move the head. Your child will also have problems with swallowing food. Type 1 spinal muscular atrophy treatment in India is possible with stem cells. However, most of the children with type 1 spinal muscular atrophy do not live more than a couple of years.

Type 2: Type 2 spinal muscular atrophy generally affects the children of 6 to 18 months. The symptoms could range from being moderate to severe. Your child may face problems in walking and sitting. The type 2 spinal muscular atrophy is also called Infantile Spinal Muscular Atrophy.

Type 3: This is perhaps the mildest form of spinal muscular atrophy. It affects children of 2 to 17 years old. A child with type 3 spinal muscular atrophy will not be able to walk steadily but he or she can walk with any help. Later on in life, he or she may require a wheelchair.

Type 4: This type of spinal muscular atrophy will begin when you are an adult. The problem will range from muscles weakness to breathing problems. Stem cell therapy in Uttar Pradesh can help you to recover from the type 4 spinal muscular atrophy.

So, these are the various types of spinal muscular atrophy. Many treatments fail to cure this disease. However, if you want proper treatment of spinal muscular atrophy then stem cell treatment in India will be the best option you have.

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